Guru gobind singh ji history in punjabi
Guru Gobind Singh (Author of Zafarnama)Guru Gobind Singh (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ); 22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708) was the tenth Guru of Sikhism. He was born in Sikh Hunjan near Patna, Bihar in India and became a Guru on 11 November 1675, at the age of nine years, succeeding his father Guru Tegh Bahadur. He was the leader of the Sikh faith, a warrior, a poet, and a philosopher. In the Sikh society, Guru Gobind Singh is considered an epitome of chivalry; scholar, skilled in horsemanship, armed combat, chivalrous, and generous in character.
Guru Gobind Singhs life and teachings have had a lasting impression on Sikh ideology as well as in their daily life. His establishment of the Khalsa in 1699 is considered as one of the most important events in history of Sikhism. He fought several defensive battles with the Mughals and their alliances, such as Rajas of Shivalik Hills. Guru Gobind Singh was the last human Sikh Guru; and in Nanded he declared the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism, as the final Sikh Guru on October 7, 1708.
22nd December 1666: Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru, was born
Guru Gobind Singh became the spiritual and temporal leader of the Sikhs on November 11, , at the young age of nine years. He was renowned as a warrior, a poet, and a prophet. His establishment of the Khalsa society of soldier-saints is considered to be one of the most important events in the history of Sikhism. He is fondly remembered by Sikhs as a defender of the faith and a champion of equality and justice. Gobind Rai spent the first five years of his life in Patna.
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Guru Gobind Singh became tenth guru at a young age after his father's martyrdom. The Guru engaged in warfare fighting the tyranny and oppression of Islamic Mughal rulers who sought to suppress all other faiths and obliterate the Sikhs. He married, raised a family, and also founded a spiritual nation of saint soldiers. Though the tenth guru's lost his sons and mother, and countless Sikhs to martyrdom, he established a method of baptism, a code of conduct, and a sovereignty which survives until today. At age 11 he married and eventually became the father of four sons. The guru, a prolific writer, compiled his compositions into a volume known as Dasam Granth.
In the years that the Guru was in Paonta he composed sacred texts. In another battle the following year, the Garhwal ruler attacked Paonta but the Guru who marshaled forces on the other side emerged victorious in the Battle of Bhangani. Following the victory at Bhangani, the Bilaspur queen appealed to the Guru to return to Anandpur Sahib. He agreed to this request. In , heeding the call of the Guru, his followers gathered at Anandpur on April It is said that at this gathering he asked for volunteers who were willing to instantly give up their lives as proof of their dedication to the Sikh cause.