1988 film about the black sox scandal
Eight Men Out: The Black Sox and the 1919 World Series by Eliot AsinofThe headlines proclaimed the 1919 fix of the World Series and attempted cover-up as the most gigantic sporting swindle in the history of America! First published in 1963, Eight Men Out has become a timeless classic. Eliot Asinof has reconstructed the entire scene-by-scene story of the fantastic scandal in which eight Chicago White Sox players arranged with the nations leading gamblers to throw the Series in Cincinnati. Mr. Asinof vividly describes the tense meetings, the hitches in the conniving, the actual plays in which the Series was thrown, the Grand Jury indictment, and the famous 1921 trial. Moving behind the scenes, he perceptively examines the motives and backgrounds of the players and the conditions that made the improbable fix all too possible. Here, too, is a graphic picture of the American underworld that managed the fix, the deeply shocked newspapermen who uncovered the story, and the war-exhausted nation that turned with relief and pride to the Series, only to be rocked by the scandal. Far more than a superbly told baseball story, this is a compelling slice of American history in the aftermath of World War I and at the cusp of the Roaring Twenties.
Black Sox Scandal
The Black Sox Scandal is a cold case, not a closed case; new evidence has been discovered in recent years that has enhanced our collective knowledge of the scandal. Since the publication of Eliot Asinof's Eight Men Out in and the John Sayles film by the same name in , the dramatic story of underpaid and undereducated Chicago White Sox ballplayers, disgruntled by their low pay and poor treatment by management, who fell prey to the wiles of double-crossing gamblers has been thoroughly debunked. Much of the popular narrative about the Black Sox Scandal falls apart under closer scrutiny. The project, a collaborative work produced by members of SABR's Black Sox Scandal Research Committee , uses groundbreaking research and resources to provide a more complete understanding of what happened a century ago. These new pieces to the puzzle have provided definitive answers to some old Black Sox mysteries and raised other questions in their place. In addition, we've compiled an extensive list of historical inaccuracies , large and small, that appear in Eight Men Out , with links to articles, artifacts, and other resources that are now available online.
It was almost unthinkable: players throwing the World Series? Yet, that's what happened--or maybe didn't happen--in the fall of The club was divided into two "gangs" of players, each with practically nothing to say to the other. Together they formed the best team in baseball--perhaps one of the best teams that ever played the game, yet they--like all ball players of the time--were paid a fraction of what they were worth. Because of baseball's reserve clause, any player who refused to accept a contract was prohibited from playing baseball on any other professional team. Comiskey's decision to save expenses by reducing the number of times uniforms were laundered gave rise to the original meaning of "The Black Sox. In the era of the reserve clause, gamblers could find players on lots of teams looking for extra cash--and they did.
Sign in. Watch now. A fan who has an affair with one minor-league baseball player each season meets an up-and-coming pitcher and the experienced catcher assigned to him. An unknown comes seemingly out of nowhere to become a legendary player with almost divine talent. The new owner of the Cleveland Indians puts together a purposely horrible team so they'll lose and she can move the team.
The answer has 11 letters: EIGHTMENOUT
It was written and directed by John Sayles. The film is a dramatization of Major League Baseball 's Black Sox scandal , in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox conspired with gamblers to intentionally lose the World Series. Much of the movie was filmed at the old Bush Stadium in Indianapolis , Indiana. In , the Chicago White Sox are considered one of the greatest baseball teams ever assembled; however, the team's stingy owner, Charles Comiskey , gives little inclination to reward his players for a spectacular season. Gamblers "Sleepy" Bill Burns and Billy Maharg get wind of the players' discontent, asking shady player Chick Gandil to convince a select group of Sox—including star knuckleball pitcher Eddie Cicotte , who led the majors with a 29—7 win—loss record and an earned run average of 1. Cicotte was nearing the milestone until Comiskey ordered team manager Kid Gleason to bench him for 2 weeks missing 5 starts with the excuse that the year-old veteran's arm needed a rest before the series. A number of players, including Gandil, Swede Risberg , and Lefty Williams , go along with the scheme.
Certain entries on this list may seem like pedantic nitpicking: surnames misspelled, Abe Attell's boxing record exaggerated, erroneous player batting averages presented. Other, more significant, errors may be deemed somewhat excusable, as accurate baseball player salary data, partial Black Sox grand jury transcripts, and other recently recovered scandal artifacts were not available to Asinof when Eight Men Out was being written. But some of the book's failings — unquestionably bogus player salary numbers presented as bona fide, the distortion of events attending the theft of grand jury confession evidence , the assertion of fix cover-up theories grounded in "facts" belied by the contemporaneous historical record — cannot be so lightly dismissed. If nothing else, the sheer number of factual errors and misstatements in Eight Men Out undermines confidence in the credibility of its narrative. In fairness to Asinof, baseball literature had not yet outgrown its anecdotal roots at the time Eight Men Out was published.
The Black Sox Scandal was a Major League Baseball match fixing incident in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox were accused of intentionally losing the World Series against the Cincinnati Reds in exchange for money from a gambling syndicate led by Arnold Rothstein. The fallout from the scandal resulted in the appointment of Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis as the first Commissioner of Baseball , granting him absolute control over the sport in order to restore its integrity. Despite acquittals in a public trial in , Judge Landis permanently banned all eight men from professional baseball. The punishment was eventually defined to also include banishment from post-career honors such as consideration for the Baseball Hall of Fame. Despite requests for reinstatement in the decades that followed particularly in the case of Shoeless Joe Jackson , the ban remains in force. White Sox club owner Charles Comiskey , himself a prominent MLB player from —, was widely disliked by the players and was resented for his miserliness.