Ancient egypt food and farming
Ancient Egypt: Farming & Food by Jane Shuter
Ancient Egyptian agriculture
The civilization of ancient Egypt was indebted to the Nile River and its dependable seasonal flooding. The river's predictability and the fertile soil allowed the Egyptians to build an empire on the basis of great agricultural wealth. Egyptians are credited as being one of the first groups of people to practice agriculture on a large scale. This was possible because of the ingenuity of the Egyptians as they developed basin irrigation. The civilization of ancient Egypt developed in the arid climate of northern Africa. This region is distinguished by the Arabian and Libyan deserts,  and the River Nile.
Egyptian farming was the bedrock of the ancient civilization, far more important than symbolic feats such as constructing massive pyramids. One of the reasons why the Ancient Egyptian civilization was so successful was the fact that they were able to farm the fertile soil around the Nile and produce their own food and cloth.
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Ancient Egypt Agriculture
Most farming that we are familiar with requires the use of ploughs to turn the soil to bring up nutrient rich soil upwards. The Egyptians had little ploughing to do because the flooding of the Nile deposited all of the rich soil directly on top. They only needed to lightly turn the soil, so ploughs were lighter weight and usually attached to the horns of cattle. If cows were not available, the plough was so light that humans could pull it. Another way to turn the soil was for the people to use hoes. The amount of fertilized land left by the Nile flooding each year was between 20, and 34, square kilometers.