Gandhi non violence and indian independence
Gandhi On Non-Violence by Mahatma GandhiIn this book, Merton has selected the basic statements of principle and interpretation which make up Gandhis philosophy of non-violence (AHIMSA) and non-violent action (SATYAGRAHA). The Gandhi text follows that established by the Navaijivan Trust with sections dealing with Principles of non-violence, Non-violence, true and false, Spiritual dimensions of non-violence. The political scope of non-violence, and The purity of non-violence.
Gandhi: Reckless teenager to father of India
Born and raised in a Hindu family in coastal Gujarat , western India , and trained in law at the Inner Temple , London, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in , he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in , Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for various social causes and for achieving Swaraj or self-rule. He was imprisoned for many years, upon many occasions, in both South Africa and India. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and political protest. Gandhi's vision of an independent India based on religious pluralism was challenged in the early s by a new Muslim nationalism which was demanding a separate Muslim homeland carved out of India.
In the early morning of March 12, , Gandhi and a trained cadre of 78 followers from his ashram began a march of more than miles to the sea. Three and a half weeks later, on April 5, surrounded by a crowd of thousands, Gandhi waded into the edge of the ocean, approached an area on the mud flats where evaporating water left a thick layer of sediment, and scooped up a handful of salt.
The Indian Independence movement was a series of activities with the ultimate aim of ending the British rule in India. The movement spanned total of 90 years — The first nationalistic revolutionary movement emerged from Bengal present day West Bengal and Bangladesh , but they later took root in the newly formed Indian National Congress with prominent moderate leaders seeking only their basic right to appear for Indian Civil Service British India examinations, as well as more rights, economic in nature, for the people of the soil. The early part of the 20th century saw a more radical approach towards political self-rule proposed by leaders such as the Lal, Bal, Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh , V. Chidambaram Pillai. The last stages of the self-rule struggle from the s onwards saw Congress adopt Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 's policy of non-violence and civil disobedience , and several other campaigns. Feminists such as Sarojini Naidu and Begum Rokeya promoted the emancipation of Indian women and their participation in national politics.