Socrates and plato philosophy of education
Socrates Quotes (Author of Apología de Sócrates)
Plato's philosophy of education: Its implication for current education
Photo: Plato. Considered by historians to be one of the most influential minds of Western thought, Plato described the Socratic method of instruction and further developed this dialectic method in his later years. Smith, The Socratic method is basically a learning method using a question and answer dialogue between the teacher and student. The idea is that the ensuing debate exposes flaws in reasoning and brings forth a better understanding of the issue. Plato improved on the Socratic method in his later years and developed a philosophy of education as outlined in The Republic that became the hallmark of a European liberal arts education. Plato was born in Athens in BC.
He founded what is said to be the first university — his Academy near Athens in around BC. In these early dialogues we see the use of the so called Socratic method. We see the flowering of his thought around knowledge and the Forms, the Soul psyche and hence psychology , and political theory see, especially, The Republic. One of the significant features of the dialogical dialectic method is that it emphasizes collective, as against solitary, activity. It is through the to and fro of argument amongst friends or adversaries that understanding grows or is revealed. Such philosophical pursuit alongside and within a full education allows humans to transcend their desires and sense in order to attain true knowledge and then to gaze upon the Final Good Agathon.
Myungjoon Lee , Marquette University. Plato regards education as a means to achieve justice, both individual justice and social justice. According to Plato, individual justice can be obtained when each individual develops his or her ability to the fullest. In this sense, justice means excellence. For the Greeks and Plato, excellence is virtue. According to Socrates, virtue is knowledge. Thus, knowledge is required to be just.
Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Socrates was the big-city philosopher in ancient Athens. Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, his only real crime was embarrassing and irritating a number of important people. His punishment was death. This street-corner philosopher made a career of deflating pompous windbags. An aristocratic man with plenty of money and a superb physique, Plato at one time won two prizes as a championship wrestler.
While the Greek philosopher Socrates, an enigmatic man, lived centuries ago, his teachings continue to impact us even today. Socrates wrote no books, but his methods and ideas are used in modern law schools and other halls of learning. His philosophy of education rests on simple principles, self awareness and expectations. Socrates was the son of a sculptor, who had contact with the intellectual elite of his day. He studied philosophy and was possibly influenced by early Greek philosophers. Heraclitus and Parmenides, who may have been his teachers. During the Peloponnesian War, he served as a soldier, and received recognition for his valor.