Biblical god and humanity in philosophy

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biblical god and humanity in philosophy

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Richard Swinburne: The Existence of God

The human as the image of God

Many of the doctrines central to Christianity have important philosophical implications or presuppositions. In this article, we begin with a brief general discussion of the relationship between philosophy and Christian dogma, and then we turn our attention to three of the most philosophically challenging Christian doctrines: the trinity, the incarnation, and the atonement. We take these three as our focus because, unlike for example doctrines about providence or the attributes of God, these are distinctive to Christian theology and, unlike for example the doctrine of original sin or the Real Presence of Christ in the eucharist, these have been the subject of a great deal of discussion over the past couple of decades. In the history of Christian theology, philosophy has sometimes been seen as a natural complement to theological reflection, whereas at other times practitioners of the two disciplines have regarded each other as mortal enemies. Some early Christian thinkers such as Tertullian were of the view that any intrusion of secular philosophical reason into theological reflection was out of order.

Table of Contents: What Is Here! Site Map. How Is This Site Different? Important Bible Words. About the Author. Without particular differentiation, one can easily get the impression that each philosopher is talking about the same being. Heidegger posited the term to point to the reification of God as "a Being," rather than "being" itself.

In his work De Trinitate , Augustine attempted to ascertain traces of divine Trinity in the human intellect. Christian mysticism confronted this dualistic view of humans, interpreting humans in their mind-body entirety as being in the image of God. The image of God is stamped all the way into the sphere of human corporeality. The idea of human creation according to the image of God is already based upon the intention of the Incarnation , the self-representation of God in corporeality. Even according to their somatic bodily condition, humans are the universal form of being, in whom the powers and creative principles of the whole universe are combined in a personal unity of spirit, soul , and body. The Christian understanding of evil is also linked with the idea of human creation according to the image of God.


This paper notes the challenge of scientific naturalism to religion and Christianity and briefly denies that naturalism is supported by science. It then outlines an alternative perspective in two stages. The first is an account of the biblical doctrine of the image of God as the essence and meaning of human life. Based on the first, the second stage outlines a Christian philosophical anthropology that challenges scientific naturalism by articulating the essentially religious nature of human life. The wisdom of Socrates urges us to know ourselves, but Jesus teaches us that we cannot find ourselves without following him Mt.

God in Christianity is the eternal being who created and preserves all things. Christians believe God to be both transcendent wholly independent of, and removed from, the material universe and immanent involved in the world. Early Christian views of God were expressed in the Pauline epistles and the early creeds , which proclaimed one God and the divinity of Jesus , almost in the same breath as in 1 Corinthians : "For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth as indeed there are many 'gods' and many 'lords' , yet for us there is but one God, the Father , from whom all things came and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live. The theology of the attributes and nature of God has been discussed since the earliest days of Christianity, with Irenaeus writing in the 2nd century: "His greatness lacks nothing, but contains all things". Although the New Testament does not have a formal doctrine of the Trinity as such, "it does repeatedly speak of the Father, the Son , and the Holy Spirit Early Christian views of God before the gospels were written are reflected in Apostle Paul 's statement in 1 Corinthians , written ca.

Your complimentary articles. You can read four articles free per month. To have complete access to the thousands of philosophy articles on this site, please. God is the Creator of the cosmos. So why is there so much suffering and wickedness to be found all around us? Is it that God is too weak to change things?


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  2. Decirgialcom1972 says:

    Since God both created the world which is accessible to philosophy and that Jesus Christ was a single person with two natures, one human.

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