Slave songs and their meanings
Slave Song by David DabydeenSongs of frustration and defiance from African slaves and displaced Indian laborers are expressed in a harsh and lyrical Guyanese Creole far removed from contemporary English in these provocative Caribbean poems. An insightful critical apparatus of English translations surrounds these lyrics, shedding light on their meaning, while at the same time cleverly commenting on the impossibility of translating Creole and parodying critical attempts to explain and contextualize Caribbean poetry. Twenty years after the initial release of this work, the power of these poems and the self-fashioned critique that accompanies them remain a lively and vital part of Caribbean literature.
Slave Spiritual Story- Wade in the Water
Slaves attempted to preserve the culture that they had brought with them from Africa. Jeanette Murphy recalled: "During my childhood my observations were centered upon a few very old negroes who came directly from Africa, and upon many others whose parents were African born, and I early came to the conclusion, based upon negro authority, that the greater part of the music, their methods, their scale, their type of thought, their dancing, their patting of feet, their clapping of hands, their grimaces and pantomime, and their gross superstitions came straight from Africa. Attempts were made to stop slaves from continuing with African religious rituals. Drums were banned as overseers feared that they could be used to send messages. They were particularly concerned that they would be used to signal a slave uprising. Slaves would often sing while at work.
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Historically, the tones andmelodies heard in the antebellum south were founded on the metamorphosis of African folklore,polytheism and consistent exposure to Eurocentric-Christianity. The forced cohabitation of bothcultures, African and European, produced a painful and yet rhythmic ode to spirituality andescapism., Science, Technology, and Society.
The legacy of slave songs in the United States and Brazil: musical dialogues in the post-emancipation period. The objective of this article is to bring to the field of post-abolition historical studies some reflections about the legacy of slave songs - or the "sounds of slavery" - in the United States and in Brazil. Rather than focus on the well-known differences between the two countries, the intention here is to call the attention of the reader to possible dialogues and contacts based around the disputes and meanings attached to this legacy. As well as the specialized bibliography on this issue, I concentrate on the assessments of two intellectuals at the end of the nineteenth century, who both had contact with the songs of the descendants of slaves in the Americas and who both reflected on the political meanings of those songs: Du Bois and Coelho Netto. Their assessments are part of a broader context of the internationalization of black music and the rise to prominence of black musicians in the post-abolition period. The world of music has always offered a wide field of possibilities for the study of African and slave experiences in the Americas.
Songs of the Underground Railroad were spiritual and work songs used during the early-to-mid 19th century in the United States to encourage and convey coded information to escaping slaves as they moved along the various Underground Railroad routes. As it was illegal in most slave states to teach slaves to read or write, songs were used to communicate messages and directions about when, where, and how to escape, and warned of dangers and obstacles along the route. The pointer stars of the Big Dipper align with the North Star. In this song the repeated line "Follow the Drinkin' Gourd" is thus often interpreted as instructions to escaping slaves to travel north by following the North Star , leading them to the northern states, Canada, and freedom: The song ostensibly encodes escape instructions and a map from Mobile, Alabama up the Tombigbee River, over the divide to the Tennessee River, then downriver to where the Tennessee and Ohio rivers meet in Paducah, Kentucky. Another song with a reportedly secret meaning is "Now Let Me Fly"  which references the biblical story of Ezekiel's Wheels. This song might have boosted the morale and spirit of the slaves, giving them hope that there was a place waiting that was better than where they were. The oppressor in the song is the pharaoh , but in real life would have been the slave owner.