Is north korea a dystopia
Twenty Years at Hull House by Jane AddamsThis book has been read and reviewed a lot, so this wont really be a review so much as a short reflection. I came to Jane Addams late, after first encountering her sort of peripherally through the guy all educators are introduced to, John Dewey, one of her best friends, who wrote Democracy and Education and Experience and Education and close to 90 other books. One of the greatest thinkers of all time, with great ideas. But I am quite sure he would not have been able to write as he does without Addams.
Dewey, like William James, was a pragmatist philosopher, which is to say they were opposed to typical abstract analytical philosophy. Their approach was more. . . pragmatic or utilitarian. What possible effects in the real world do your believing one thing over another have? What good is it to think that way? So what? A show me anti-philosophy, more a method of thinking of ideas than philosophy, really.
But James and Dewey are, for all of their useful approaches and ideas, not that engaging as writers. They write as philosophers. Addams is a storyteller, a social worker, with no time for abstract discussions. Dewey and James talked and Addams walked, or she walked the talk. She DID pragmatism and they watched her do it and refined their ideas through her actions. She refined her ideas herself through her work there at Chicagos Halsted Street Hull House Settlement. She came in with ideas, realized she didnt know what she was doing, began to listen to everyone there in this community and shaped the settlement in terms of a conversation, not her own preconceived notions of social change.
And Twenty Years at Hull House, one of her several books, is a memoir of the first twenty years of her work with many other people. Addams won international acclaim and the Nobel Peace Prize and she deserved all the honors she got, but she could not have done it without Marxist labor activist Florence Kelley and so many others who shaped and reshaped her views. They did it together. She was disrespected by the academics and the just foreign disciplines like sociology, and the University of Chicago in particular because she was a WOMAN and a storyteller in a time (that is also true today) when story was seen as less than rigorous and scientific. We need Addams more than ever.
My students in this most recent class were astonished by her story and feel in love with her and what she has to say today about social action and reform and justice for the poor, for immigrants. This happens every time I teach her work. Highly recommended for anyone doing work in similar areas.
Human Rights in North Korea
North Korea is perhaps one of the most terrifying dictatorships ever witnessed in modern history and the laundry list of human rights abuses the country's leaders are guilty of is too long to list here. As tensions between the totalitarian, isolationist nation and the United States have heightened over the course of Trump's first term, more and more experts have been left extremely troubled by the aggression and nuclear capability exhibited by the People's Republic. What's even more worrying is that this autocracy actually has a precursor in literature; George Orwell's seminal dystopian novel , which gives readers a nightmarish vision of a despotic Britain known as "Airstrip One", ruled over by an omnipotent figure known only as Big Brother. Many of the terms that George Orwell coined have since fallen into our common lexicon doublethink, thoughtcrime, unperson, etc. It seems likely. Take a look at the six eerie similarities between fiction and the reality.
Freedom of thought, expression and religion
The government restricts all civil and political liberties for its citizens, including freedom of expression, assembly, association, and religion. It prohibits all organized political opposition, independent media, civil society, and trade unions. The government routinely uses arbitrary arrest and punishment of crimes, torture in custody, forced labor, and executions to maintain fear and control. In recent years, the government has tightened domestic restrictions on travel and unauthorized cross-border travel with China, and punished North Koreans making contact with the outside world. On human rights, the international community has continued to press the North Korean government to expand its engagement with United Nations human rights mechanisms, including action on the findings of the UN Commission of Inquiry COI report on human rights in North Korea that found the government committed crimes against humanity including extermination, murder, enslavement, torture, imprisonment, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and forced abortion. On March 23, , the Human Rights Council adopted without a vote a resolution that maintained pressure on the need for advancing accountability mechanisms for the eventual prosecution of North Korean leaders and officials responsible for crimes against humanity.