Definition of diaspora in literature

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definition of diaspora in literature

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Bridging the Diaspora Divide - Teresa H. Clarke at TEDxEuston

What is a Diaspora?

A simple definition of diaspora literature , then, would be works that are written by authors who live outside their native land. But diaspora literature may also be defined by its contents , regardless of where it was written. The book of Job, too, may be an example of diaspora literature because it was likely written in the wake of the Babylonian destruction, which gave rise to the question, Why would God punish Israel, the chosen people, with such mass suffering? The term diaspora comes to us from the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, particularly Deut This translation was called the Septuagint and was the project of Greek-speaking Jews living in the Egyptian diaspora. In the broadest possible terms, the entire Septuagint could be described as diaspora literature, because it is the work of Jews living outside their homeland—and their translation reflects that orientation.

The shortest mainly Political Science definition in the literature about the exceedingly complicated and contested "diaspora" phenomenon, on which there might be a relatively wide consensus, is: Groups of persons of the same ethno-national origin who themselves, or their ancestors, voluntarily or under coercion migrated from one place to another, or to several other places, settled in these other places, and maintain their identity and various kinds of contacts with their place of origin. However, because of the historic and current tremendous complexity of the phenomenon there is a need for a far more detailed profile that fits most ethno-national diasporas whose members have a common country of origin. The following is such a profile: Historical and modern ethno-national diasporas are cultural-social-political entities, created as a result of either voluntary or forced migration from a homeland, whose members are and regard themselves as of the same ethno-national origin and who permanently reside as minorities in one or several host-countries. Based on individual or group decisions to settle permanently in host-countries, but to maintain a common identity, most core members of diasporas identify as such, show solidarity with their group in their hostland and their entire nation, organize and are active in the cultural, social, economic, and political spheres. The various strategies that organized diasporas can follow include integration, acculturation, communalism, corporatism, autonomism, and isolation.

“Diaspora” (from the Greek word for “scattering”) refers to the dispersion of a people from their homeland. A simple definition of diaspora literature, then, would .
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Engaging diasporas in development and diplomacy

Diasporas: Israel, the Church, and Lessons from Exile The word "diaspora," a Greek term, was originally coined to describe the experience of the Jewish people after the Babylonian captivity of B. Even after the return from exile to Jerusalem, Jewish communities continued to exist throughout much of the ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern world, including Babylon, Egypt, Syria, Greece, and Rome. The term was eventually extended in this century to refer to other peoples who are dispersed to regions outside their original homeland, such as the Irish experience following the Potato Famine, the African experience in Europe and the Americas, and the Chinese experience following the Maoist Revolution.

The fleeing of Greeks after the fall of Constantinople. Other examples are the African transatlantic slave trade , the southern Chinese or Indians during the coolie trade, the Irish during and after the Irish Famine , the Romani from India, the Italian diaspora , the exile and deportation of Circassians , and the emigration of Anglo-Saxon warriors and their families after the Norman Conquest of England. Recently, scholars have distinguished between different kinds of diaspora, based on its causes such as imperialism , trade or labor migrations, or by the kind of social coherence within the diaspora community and its ties to the ancestral lands. Some diaspora communities maintain strong political ties with their homeland. Other qualities that may be typical of many diasporas are thoughts of return, relationships with other communities in the diaspora, and lack of full integration into the host countries. Diasporas often maintain ties to the country of their historical affiliation and influence the policies of the country where they are located. Its use began to develop from this original sense when the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek; [7] the first mention of a diaspora created as a result of exile is found in the Septuagint , first in.

3 COMMENTS

  1. Henedina N. says:

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  2. Laura P. says:

    Diaspora - Wikipedia

  3. Gaetan L. says:

    A diaspora includes both emigrants and their descendants.

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