History of forward pass in football
Forward Pass: The Play That Saved Football by Philip L. BrooksThe Most Important Innovation in the History of Football
In 1913, a small, up-and-coming school came to West Point to challenge the great Army football team. The opposing quarterback dropped back, raised the football, and threw a perfect spiral to his wide open teammate. Again and again the quarterback and his receiver completed passes, resulting in a stunning 35-13 defeat of Army. That school was Notre Dame and the receiver was Knute Rockne: the game of football was transformed. The story of Notre Dame’s passing attack goes back seven years, when the forward pass was first legalized as a means of opening the game up to avoid the fatalities that plagued early football and nearly saw the game banned. A student of the legendary Amos Alonzo Stagg, Jesse Harper, envisioned a mixture of precision passing and running throughout the game, and after arriving at Notre Dame, he schooled his team in his new-fangled approach.
In Forward Pass: The Play That Saved Football, Philip L. Brooks introduces the reader to the dirt, spectacle, and emotion of the great teams of the early twentieth century, including Jim Thorpe and the Carlisle Indians, Stagg’s University of Chicago Maroons, Fielding Yost’s Michigan Wolverines, Johnny Heisman’s Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets, and Gil Dobie’s Washington Huskies. While most teams experimented with passing, it was Jesse Harper and Knute Rockne who showed how the forward pass could be used as the ultimate offensive strategy and key to the brilliant future of football.
Legend or Myth? Knute Rockne Invented The Forward Pass
The Early History of Football’s Forward Pass
By , college football was all the rage, attracting tens of thousands of fans to games at a time when major-league baseball teams often attracted only 3,—and pro football was still more than a decade away. But it was also an increasingly violent and deadly passion. There were 18 fatalities nationwide that year, including three college players the rest were high-school athletes , and President Theodore Roosevelt, whose son was on the freshmen team at Harvard University, made it clear he wanted reforms amid calls by some to abolish the college game. So in December representatives of 62 schools met in New York to change the rules and make the game safer. Their biggest change was to make the forward pass legal, beginning the transformation of football into the modern game. Established coaches in the elite Eastern schools like Army, Harvard, Pennsylvania and Yale failed to embrace the pass.
The forward pass was legalized. The first authenticated pass completion in a pro game came on October 27, when George Peggy Parratt of Massillon threw a completion to Dan Bullet Riley in a victory over a combined Benwood-Moundsville team. Arch-rivals Canton and Massillon, the two best pro teams in America, played twice, with Canton winning the first game but Massillon winning the second and the Ohio League championship. A betting scandal and the financial disaster wrought upon the two clubs by paying huge salaries caused a temporary decline in interest in pro football in the two cities and, somewhat, throughout Ohio. Rutgers and Princeton played a college soccer football game, the first ever, November 6. The game used modified London Football Association rules.
History of the Forward Pass. The pastime of kicking around a ball pre-dates recorded history. Ancient savage tribes played a form of primitive football.
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Home History of the Forward Pass. The pastime of kicking around a ball pre-dates recorded history. - Harvard Stadium has a Jumbotron, cheerleaders and a whole section for the cooler-than-cool pep band. Well, there is this one place
AP — The birth of Notre Dame as a football powerhouse and the possibility of the pass as an offensive weapon came together on a cold, raw day in West Point a century ago before a crowd of 5, mostly Army fans. The start of World War I was months away and commercial radio broadcasts were still several years away when the team from South Bend boarded a train for what would become a momentous game. Like much in Notre Dame's past, the game played Nov. The game did have Rockne as a star receiver and Dwight Eisenhower was a reserve in a game scheduled less than 10 months earlier when Notre Dame was looking for quality games because of a boycott by Midwestern teams. Army had a hole in its schedule after Yale canceled a game in a dispute over eligibility rules. There were new rules about the forward pass, made legal seven years earlier as a result of President Theodore Roosevelt urging college presidents to make changes because of deaths caused by football violence.
On Sept. It was a remarkably creative play for the era, one that ultimately became known as the forward pass. The game was scoreless. According to SLU archives, head coach Eddie Cochems was frustrated with the team's inability to move the ball. For weeks, they had been secretly practicing this new art of tossing the ball forward from a starting position behind the ear. And it started as you might expect, with an incompletion. Under the rules then, the ball was turned over to the opponent, Carroll College.
In several forms of football a forward pass is a throwing of the ball in the direction that the offensive team is trying to move, towards the defensive team's goal line. The forward pass is one of the main distinguishers between gridiron football American football and Canadian football in which the play is legal and widespread, and rugby football union and league from which the North American games evolved, in which the play is illegal. In some football codes, such as association football soccer , the kicked forward pass is used so ubiquitously that it is not thought of as a distinct kind of play at all. In these sports, the concept of offside is used to regulate who can be in front of the play or be nearest to the goal. However, this has not always been the case. Some earlier incarnations of football allowed unlimited forward passing, while others had strict offside rules similar to rugby.