Why did art nouveau start
Art Nouveau, 1890-1914 by Paul GreenhalghBeginning over a century ago, designers and artists like Beardsley, Galle, Gaudi, Hoffmann, Horta, Klimt, Mackintosh, and Tiffany created daring new styles, and their flamboyant designs for furniture, silverware, glassware, ceramics, jewelry, textiles, and more became known as Art Nouveau. This is the most complete and lavishly illustrated volume ever published on Art Nouveau, and it accompanied a major exhibition at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Generating enthusiasts in the decorative and graphic arts and architecture throughout Europe and beyond, Art Nouveau appeared in a wide variety of strands, and, consequently, it is known by various names, such as the Glasgow Style, or, in the German-speaking world, Jugendstil. Art Nouveau was aimed at modernizing design, seeking to escape the eclectic historical styles that had previously been popular. Artists drew inspiration from both organic and geometric forms, evolving elegant designs that united flowing, natural forms resembling the stems and blossoms of plants. The emphasis on linear contours took precedence over color, which was usually represented with hues such as muted greens, browns, yellows, and blues. The movement was committed to abolishing the traditional hierarchy of the arts, which viewed the so-called liberal arts, such as painting and sculpture, as superior to craft-based decorative arts. The style went out of fashion for the most part long before the First World War, paving the way for the development of Art Deco in the s, but it experienced a popular revival in the s, and it is now seen as an important predecessor - if not an integral component - of modernism.
Art Nouveau was an art and design movement that grew out of the Arts and Crafts movement of the late 19th Century. Art Nouveau highlighted curvaceous lines, often inspired by plants and flowers, as well as geometric patterns. Art Deco was a sprawling design sensibility that wound its way through numerous early 20th Century art and design forms, from fine art and architecture to fashion and furniture, as well as everyday appliances and even modes of transportation. The Arts and Crafts movement, a precursor to Art Nouveau, focused on hand craftsmanship in the decorative arts and was personified by influential textile designer William Morris. In Art Nouveau, the style of an object is not predetermined and imposed but developed organically through the process of creation, an idea derived from Scottish architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
In English it is also known as the Modern Style not to be confused with Modernism and Modern architecture.
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ARTS AND CRAFTS MOVEMENT
Design by architect Victor Horta, member of Les Vingt artist group. For details of contemporary art design styles since the s, see: Contemporary Art Movements. Art Nouveau was an innovative international style of modern art that became fashionable from about to the First World War. Arising as a reaction to 19th-century designs dominated by historicism in general and neoclassicism in particular, it promulgated the idea of art and design as part of everyday life. Henceforth artists should not overlook any everyday object, no matter how functional it might be. This aesthetic was considered to be quite revolutionary and new, hence its name - New Art - or Art Nouveau.