Who is affected by blood diamonds

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who is affected by blood diamonds

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Blood Diamonds: An Overview

How the African Diamond Trade Works

Experts claim that the illegal sale of blood diamonds has produced billions of dollars to fund civil wars and other conflicts in various African nations, including Sierra Leone where conflict ended in , Angola, Liberia, Ivory Coast and the Democratic Republic of Congo DRC. Most of the time, the people behind these civil wars and rebellions oppose legitimate governments and desire control over the area's lucrative diamond industry. For example, in Sierra Leone a group known as the Revolutionary United Front killed, threatened, and even cut off the arms of people living and working in diamond villages until they were able to take control of the mines in the area. Then the group moved on to the next village to do more of the same, effectively terrorizing the entirety of Sierra Leone, to the point that many people fled their homes in fear. All in all, roughly 20, innocent people suffered bodily mutilation, 75, were killed and 2 million fled Sierra Leone altogether [source: PBS Online NewsHour ]. According to National Geographic News, all of these conflicts combined have displaced millions and resulted in the deaths of more than 4 million people.

Violence. Diamonds are supposed to be symbols of love, commitment, and joyful new beginnings. But for many people in diamond-rich countries, these.
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Blood diamond , also called conflict diamond , as defined by the United Nations UN , any diamond that is mined in areas controlled by forces opposed to the legitimate , internationally recognized government of a country and that is sold to fund military action against that government. The very specific UN definition of blood diamonds was formulated during the s, when brutal civil wars were being waged in parts of western and central Africa by rebel groups based in diamond-rich areas of their countries. Three specific conflicts—in Angola , the Democratic Republic of the Congo , and Sierra Leone —directed world attention to the destructive role of diamonds, though the problem arose in other countries as well. Rough diamonds mined in rebel-controlled areas were sold directly to merchants or were smuggled into neighbouring countries, where they were merged into stocks of legitimately mined diamonds and then sold on the open market. Once a conflict diamond had entered the processing stream and been cut and polished, it was virtually identical to any other diamond. Worldwide concern arose over the entry of these gemstones into the huge consumer markets in the West, where purchasers were unable to distinguish conflict diamonds from legitimate gems and where the origin of the stones could not be verified.

They set up the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, a system of export and import controls for rough diamonds. Expand Groups of miners in the diamond fields in Marange in When the scramble peaked in October , more than 35, people, including children and women, were either mining or buying diamonds in Marange. The trade in diamonds still gives rise to serious human rights violations. Residents living near the diamond fields have suffered forced labor , torture, and other abuses. Just two weeks ago, protests by villagers against the alleged looting of diamond revenue by state-owned companies turned violent.

Forgot Your Password? Due to inadequate planning and regulation, diamond mining has wreaked environmental havoc throughout Africa and other parts of the world. But damage to the environment is not the inevitable result of diamond mining — there are ways to mitigate the effects. Irresponsible diamond mining has caused soil erosion, led to deforestation, and forced local populations to relocate. Diamond miners have re-routed rivers and constructed dams to expose riverbeds for mining, with disastrous effects on fish and wildlife.

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