Margaret bourke white war photography
Margaret Bourke-White (Author of Portrait of Myself)
The Photography of Margaret Bourke-White
She is recognized as having been the first female documentary photographer to be accredited by and work with the U. S armed forces. Margaret White was the daughter of an engineer-designer in the printing industry. During that period she took up photography , first as a hobby and then, after leaving Cornell and moving to New York City , on a professional freelance basis. Beginning her career in as an industrial and architectural photographer, she soon gained a reputation for originality, and in the publisher Henry Luce hired her for his new Fortune magazine. Those experiences allowed her to refine the dramatic style she had used in industrial and architectural subjects.
Photographer Margaret Bourke-White accomplished many firsts in her lifetime — she is considered the first woman war photographer and the first foreigner allowed to photograph in the Soviet Union. Her work is on the cover of the first issue of Life magazine and her career helped pave a path for the women photographers who came after. She graduated from Cornell University in after studying under Photo-Secessionist Clarence White and soon after started her own business in Cleveland. Her striking and undeniably modern pictures caught the eye of magazine publisher Henry Luce, who in offered Bourke-White a staff position at Fortune magazine. Her work there allowed her the opportunity to document emerging industries in prewar Germany.
She went on to study science and art at multiple universities in the United States from to , then began a successful run as an industrial photographer, making notable images of factories and skyscrapers in the late s.
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Bourke-White dedicated her life and career to photography, spending nearly five decades documenting people and creating extensive photo essays. Her work revealed the effects of the Great Depression across the U. During her five-month stay in South Africa, Bourke-White documented her time and produced four photo-essays for Life magazine. Bourke-White returned from South Africa with a changed impression of both the people and country. JSTOR is a digital library for scholars, researchers, and students.