How has maria montessori influence current practice
The Montessori Method by Maria MontessoriThis groundbreaking classic of educational philosophy takes on urgent new necessity today, as traditional methods of early-childhood schooling seem to be failing us. Published in Italian in 1909 and first translated into English in 1912, these still-revolutionary theories focus on the individuality of the child and on nurturing her inherent joy of learning to create schools and other learning environments that are oriented on the child. Eschewing rote memorization and drilling, Montessoris method helps to foster abstract thinking and to fulfill a childs highest potential, emotionally, physically and intellectually. Parents from all walks of life will find the ideas herein immensely valuable. Italian doctor and educator MARIA MONTESSORI (1870-1952) was the first woman to graduate from the University of Rome Medical School. She traveled extensively in Europe, America, and the Near East, studying early education and testing her educational methods.
Do you know the history and impact of this groundbreaking educational theory? The Montessori Method was created in Italy around the turn of the last century. Maria Montessori was a remarkable woman: a physician, educator and innovator at a time when women were largely confined to the roles of wife and mother. Believing that children would benefit more from experience and hands-on manipulation of materials rather than direct instruction, she opened her first school in In , she started training teachers, and her notes were turned into her first book. The Montessori Method made it to the United States in and has enjoyed great success for more than a century. In many ways, because of Montessori, the face of education changed not only in Italy but across the world.
Maria Montessori has been one of the most innovative childhood pedagogues of the 20th Century. Such potential is best developed by letting the child be free to explore and manipulate the surrounding environment.
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The basic principles of the Montessori method
Maria Montessori is the creator of a teaching method that revolutionized the field of early education. Such was the scope of its proposals that its name transcended its field. The method she proposed put special emphasis on games, which made it the perfect medium to develop multiple skills and abilities in children. Many nursery schools provide an excellent example of this method. We speak of non-compulsory education that focuses on playing, fun, and flexibility. It allows children to be spontaneous and have initiative.
The Montessori method has had a lasting impact on education. Maria Montessori demonstrated through her personality, practise and persistence that education could be an instrument of change to all in society, if it looked at the needs and intellect of the child. Schools in Italy at the time Maria Montessori was educated had a narrow curriculum and a vastly different ethos to those which Montessori herself would later develop. In rural areas it was common for schooling not to go past the third grade level. In larger towns where schooling did exceed the third grade boys and girls were required to be separated.