Where did maria mitchell go to college

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where did maria mitchell go to college

Maria Mitchell: Life, Letters, and Journals by Maria Mitchell

Maria Mitchell: Life, Letters, and Journals was written in 1818 by the American astronomer Maria Mitchell. Her Quaker parents valued education and insisted that their daughters received the same education as their sons. Her father taught her astronomy at home. At age twelve, she aided her father in calculating the exact moment of annular eclipse. Mitchell discovered Miss Mitchells Comet (Comet 1847 VI, modern designation is C/1847 T1) in the autumn of 1847. She was the first professional woman astronomer in the United States. She is credited for her discovery that sunspots are whirling vertical cavities and not clouds as some had proposed.
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Maria Mitchell: America’s First Celebrity Scientist

The third of ten children, she was raised in the Quaker religion, but later adopted Christian Unitarianism. One of the tenets of the Quaker religion was intellectual equality between the sexes and Mitchell thrived in the broader Nantucket community in which such equality was highly regarded.
Maria Mitchell

Maria Mitchell: Astronomer & Feminist

Maria Mitchell was an astronomer who studied astronomy on her own time with the support of her father. In , Mitchell discovered a new comet, which became known as "Miss Mitchell's Comet," gaining her recognition in astronomy circles. She went on to become a professor of astronomy at Vassar College in New York, tracking and taking photos of sunspots with her students. Astronomer and educator Maria Mitchell was one of nine children born to Quaker parents William and Lydia Mitchell on August 1, , in Nantucket, Massachusetts, where she was raised and received her early education. Mitchell's father, recognizing her interest in the heavens at an early age, encouraged her interest in astronomy and taught her how to use a telescope.

Credit: ID She was the first woman in the United States to become a professional astronomer, and a dauntless champion of science education for women. Maria Mitchell, whose bicentenary is celebrated this August, was a scientific revolutionary. It posed a historic challenge. And until able women have given their lives to investigation, it is idle to discuss the question of their capacity for original work. Some were first published by her sister Phebe Mitchell Kendall, in the Maria Mitchell: Life, Letters, and Journals , just seven years after her death. Independent, combative and original, Mitchell became a major public figure by the end of her life.

Maria Mitchell was a 19th-century astronomer and feminist who is best known for discovering a comet in Her discovery made her instantly famous and resulted in her being elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences — the only woman to have the honor until , according to Harvard University Library Open Collections Program. Mitchell became a professor of astronomy at Vassar College in , and was also named director of the Vassar College Observatory. She not only made strides for female astronomers when few women were working, but asked for — and received — the same salary as a male professor, according to Vassar College. Mitchell was born on the island of Nantucket, then a major whaling location in Massachusetts, in Her father, William, was a major force in his daughter's education, being a banker and a schoolteacher himself, according to Harvard.

Collection of Nantucket Maria Mitchell Association.
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Who Was Maria Mitchell?

The first female astronomer in the United States, Maria Mitchell was also the first American scientist to discover a comet, which brought her international acclaim. Additionally, she was an early advocate for science and math education for girls and the first female astronomy professor.

Maria Mitchell was born on August 1, in Nantucket, Massachusetts. Her parents were Quakers, and gave her an education of the same quality that boys got at that time. At home, he taught her astronomy. At only twelve years old, Maria helped her father calculate exactly when a solar eclipse would occur. In , she opened her own school, allowing non-white students to attend -- a controversial decision in a community where the public school was segregated. In , she took a job as the first librarian of the Nantucket Atheneum , a position she held for 20 years. She continued her astronomical work at night, even after working all day at the Atheneum.

Mitchell was born to Quaker parents who encouraged her education. She attended schools on her native Nantucket , Massachusetts, including the one conducted by her father. Her interest in astronomy was stimulated by her father, who let her assist in his work of rating chronometers for the Nantucket whaling fleet and who encouraged her independent use of his telescope. From to she worked as a librarian in the Nantucket Atheneum during the day often acting as an informal teacher and became a regular observer of the skies at night. In she was appointed a computer for the American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac , and the next year she was elected to the American Association for the Advancement of Science. A gift of a large equatorial telescope was arranged by a group of prominent American women led by Elizabeth Peabody in


  1. Segev says:

    Maria Mitchell, the first professor hired for the nascent Vassar College, was sought by Matthew Vassar to lend luster to Vassar's nine-member faculty.

  2. Madeleine G. says:

    Maria Mitchell | National Women's History Museum

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    4 days ago Maria Mitchell is best known for being the first professional female astronomer in the United States. Did You Know? She went on to become a professor of astronomy at Vassar College in New York, tracking and In , Mitchell left the Atheneum to travel the United States and abroad, and in

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