Sigmund freud theory on homosexuality
Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality by Sigmund FreudThe standard edition of Freuds seminal theory of the psychology of sexuality
These three essays -- The Sexual Aberrations, Infantile Sexuality, and The Transformations of Puberty -- are among Sigmund Freuds most important works. Here, Freud outlines the core features of libido theory, his grand view of the psychology of sexuality: sexual perversion is a matter of human nature and normal sexual behavior only appears later in life, sexual urges begin in infancy, and these urges turn their attention outward as we mature through puberty.
Freud first wrote Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality in 1905 and spent the next two decades making major revisions to the text. This edition offers Freuds complete vision of the sexual self, in the definitive James Strachey translation.
The History of Psychiatry and Gay Conversion Therapy
In developing his theory of male sexual preference, Freud asserted that heterosexual as well as homosexual preferences required explanation, that neither could be assumed to be innate. His theory of the oedipal complex, however, held that the heterosexual outcome was the "normal" resolution, while the homosexual outcome represented arrested sexual development. In the normal resolution the boy identifies as a male with the father, gives up the mother as a love object, and later substitutes another woman of his choice for the mother.
Sigmund Freud's views on homosexuality
In , Sigmund Freud penned a response to a mother who had asked him for help with her gay son. Despite the broader perceptions of homosexuality at the time, Freud took a different approach, telling the woman it's "nothing to be ashamed of. I am most impressed by the fact that you do not mention this term for yourself in your information about him. May I question you why you avoid it? Many highly respectable individuals of ancient and modern times have been homosexuals, several of the greatest men among them. While the this correspondence sheds light on his personal communications, it has long been known that Freud did not view homosexuality as a pathology.
Sigmund Freud's views on homosexuality have been described as deterministic, whereas he would ascribe biological and psychological factors in explaining the principal causes of homosexuality. Freud believed that humans are born with unfocused sexual libidinal drives , and therefore argued that homosexuality might be a deviation from this. Nevertheless, he also felt that certain deeply rooted forms of homosexuality were difficult or impossible to change. Freud's most important articles on homosexuality were written between , when he published Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality , and , when he published "Certain Neurotic Mechanisms in Jealousy, Paranoia, and Homosexuality". In his view, this was true anatomically and therefore also mentally and psychologically.