Charles duryea 1893 motor wagon

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charles duryea 1893 motor wagon

Charles Duryea (Author of The Automobile Book)

Charles Edgar Duryea (December 15, 1861 – September 28, 1938) was the engineer of the first-ever working American gasoline-powered car and co-founder of Duryea Motor Wagon Company. He was born near Canton, Illinois, the son of George Washington Duryea and Louisa Melvina Turner and died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, but spent most of his life working in Springfield, Massachusetts. It was in Springfield that Charles and his brother, Frank, produced and road-tested Americas first gasoline-powered car.

He was born on December 15, 1861 near Canton, Illinois to George Washington Duryea and Louisa Melvina Turner.

Charles Duryea and his brother Frank (1869–1967) were initially bicycle makers in Washington, D.C., but later became world-renowned as the first American gasoline-powered car manufacturers, headquartered in Springfield, Massachusetts. Generally speaking, Charles engineered the automobiles, while Frank built, tested and raced them.

On September 20, 1893, the Duryea Brothers road-tested the first-ever, working American gasoline-powered automobile in a portion of Springfield, Massachusetts that is now located in the City of Chicopee, Massachusetts. The Duryeas motor wagon was a used horse drawn buggy that the brothers had purchased for $70 and into which they had installed a 4 HP, single cylinder gasoline engine. The car (buggy) had a friction transmission, spray carburetor and low tension ignition. Frank Duryea test drove it again on November 10 — this time in a prominent location: past their garage at 47 Taylor Street in Springfield. The next day it was reported by The Republican newspaper with great fanfare.

This particular car was put into storage in 1894 and stayed there until 1920, when it was rescued by a former Duryea engineer Inglis M. Uppercu and presented to the United States National Museum.

On November 28, 1895 in Chicago, their vehicle, driven by brother Frank, had won Americas first car race. It ran to Evanston, Illinois and back. The only other finisher was one of three Benz cars mostly made in Germany. After Frank won, demand grew for the Duryea Motor Wagon. In 1896, the Duryea Brothers produced 13 cars by hand — in their garage at 47 Taylor Street — and thus Duryea became the first-ever commercially produced vehicle, and also the largest automobile factory in the United States. For the history of the company and its cars, see Duryea Motor Wagon Company.

Charles Duryea sought out investors and buyers while his brother, Frank Duryea, primarily handled the mechanical side of the business.

A Duryea car was involved in the worlds first known auto accident. New York City motorist Henry Wells hit a bicyclist with his new Duryea. The rider suffered a broken leg, Wells spent a night in jail and the nations first traffic accident was recorded. Due to low production and extraordinarily pricey cars, e.g. in 1913, George Vanderbilt purchased and drove a Stevens-Duryea, but was one of few people in the United States who could afford one. His 1913 Duryea is Vanderbilts only original car kept at his Biltmore Estate.

Duryea ceased manufacturing in 1917.

Charles Duryea died in Philadelphia on September 28, 1938.

The annual Duryea Hillclimb is named in his honor.
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Published 04.08.2019

The Duryea

1893 Duryea Motor Wagon Motor Wagon Vehicle Profile

America's first gasoline powered commercial car manufacturers were two brothers, Charles Duryea and Frank Duryea. The brothers were bicycle makers who became interested in the new gasoline engines and automobiles. Charles Duryea and Frank Duryea were the first Americans to build a successful commercial automobile and the first to incorporate an American business for the expressed purpose of building automobiles for sale to the public. On September 20, , the Duryea brothers' first automobile was constructed and successfully tested on the public streets of Springfield, Massachusetts. Charles Duryea founded the Duryea Motor Wagon Company in , the first company to manufacture and sell gasoline powered vehicles.

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If you're a human and see this, please ignore it. If you're a scraper, please click the link below :- Note that clicking the link below will block access to this site for 24 hours. When most of us think of the first automobile, we think of Henry Ford, the assembly line, the Model T, and all that capitalistic jazz. In reality, the first car was invented decades before—inventors began tinkering with the possibility of motorized road vehicles way back in the s. The very first American automobile to hit the road and reach the market, however, was created by the Duryea brothers in Springfield, Massachusetts. At the age of 24, he and his older brother, Charles, created the Duryea Motor Wagon , one of the first gas-powered motor vehicles in the United States. While the two argued for the rest of their lives about who truly designed and built the vehicle, history gives Frank the credit for being the first to drive it.

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