Chicago city of the century part 2
City of the Century: The Epic of Chicago and the Making of America by Donald L. MillerThe epic of Chicago is the story of the emergence of modern America. Here, witness Chicagos growth from a desolate fur-trading post in the 1830s to one of the worlds most explosively alive cities by 1900.
Donald Millers powerful narrative embraces it all: Chicagos wild beginnings, its reckless growth, its natural calamities (especially the Great Fire of 1871), its raucous politics, its empire-building businessmen, its world-transforming architecture, its rich mix of cultures, its community of young writers and journalists, and its staggering engineering projects -- which included the reversal of the Chicago River and raising the entire city from prairie mud to save it from devastating cholera epidemics. The saga of Chicagos unresolved struggle between order and freedom, growth and control, capitalism and community, remains instructive for our time, as we seek ways to build and maintain cities that retain their humanity without losing their energy. City of the Century throbs with the pulse of the great city it brilliantly brings to life.
1933 Chicago "Century of Progress" World's Fair - Part 2
Chicago Fire of 1871
Legend has it that a cow kicked over a lantern in a barn and started the fire, but other theories hold that humans or even a meteor might have been responsible for the event that left an area of about four miles long and almost a mile wide of the Windy City, including its business district, in ruins. Following the blaze, reconstruction efforts began quickly and spurred great economic development and population growth. In October , dry weather and an abundance of wooden buildings, streets and sidewalks made Chicago vulnerable to fire. What is known is that the fire quickly grew out of control and moved rapidly north and east toward the city center. The fire burned wildly throughout the following day, finally coming under control on October 10, when rain gave a needed boost to firefighting efforts. The Great Chicago Fire left an estimated people dead and , others homeless.
On May 1, , as , onlookers roared their approval, President Grover Cleveland stepped from his carriage to open Chicago's Columbian Exposition. Cleveland delivered a short speech, after which fountains sprayed jets of water feet high, thousands of flags unfurled and warships sounded explosive salutes. Once the cacophony subsided, the fair to celebrate the th anniversary of Columbus' arrival in the New World was officially open. In the following months, some 27 million people visited the fair, and the exhibition focused the world's attention on the city. That summer marked Chicago's moment of greatest power, the time at which the world's first skyscraper city had reached the pinnacle of its ascendancy as a center of culture, commerce and industry. It's the story of the wealthy and the indigent, the heralded and the forgotten, the shop assistants and the millionaire retail barons who together created Chicago. It describes how through innovation, ingenuity, determination and sheer ruthlessness, the captains of industry created empires in a marshy wasteland.
City of the Century tells how in just 60 years Chicago grew from a remote, swampy frontier town into one of the most explosively alive cities in the world. It's the story of the wealthy and the indigent, the heralded and the forgotten, the shop assistants and the millionaire retail barons who together created Chicago. It describes how through innovation, ingenuity, determination and sheer ruthlessness, the captains of industry created empires in a marshy wasteland. And it explores the hardships endured by the millions of working men and women -- most of them immigrants from Ireland and Northern Europe -- whose labor helped a capitalist class reinvent the way America did business. The film opens with the discovery of Chicago's site by a missionary and an explorer in , and follows the city's unparalleled growth -- no other city had ever grown so fast -- from the construction of the railroads that turned Chicago into the hub of a nationwide railway network to the dramatic post-fire reconstruction that gave the city the most distinctive skyline in the world.
Sign in. Watch now. I enjoyed this series on Chicago, but I should point out that it only really is about the city in the 19th century.
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Narrator: Europeans who had flocked to 19th Century Chicago for jobs crouched together for survival. They created ethnic enclaves little Germanys, Italy's, Warsaws, and Pragues, glowering at each other with suspicion. Douglas Bukowski, Writer: I think the best way to look at late 19th century Chicago is to think of it as a great boxing ring by the lake. People just didn't get along here. Nobody who was Polish wanted to have an Irish priest. Nobody who was Irish wanted to go to a German church.