Who was involved in the battle of bull run
Battle at Bull Run: A History of the First Major Campaign of the Civil War by William C. Davis
This new and revised edition of Battle at Bull Run: A History of the First Major Campaign of the Civil War (first published in 1977) offers the reader a splendid narrative of the first major battle of the American Civil War. On the 21st of July 1861, 60,000 American soldiers from the North and South met along the banks of Bull Run. In the fighting that followed the Union forces lost 2,900 out of the 20,000 men engaged while the Confederates lost 2,000 out of about 17,000 engaged.
The first half of the book describes the Union and Confederate forces as they muster their men into the first armies of the Civil War. It continues with an outline of the events leading up to the battle and gives you a feeling for, and an understanding of, the main characters involved. Future heroes and leaders of the Civil War come to the fore, such men as `Stonewall Jackson, Jeb Stuart, A.P. Hill, Jubal Early and Joseph E. Johnston for the Confederacy and men like William T. Sherman, Ambrose Burnside and Irvin McDowell for the Union.
The final chapters describe the fighting from Blackburns Ford to the final rout of the Union Forces on the evening of the 21st. The authors description of the intense fighting is gripping and written in such a fluent style that it holds you to the narrative. Although the casualties for this engagement were not significant when compared to those bloody battles that followed you still feel for the individual soldiers who were caught up in this terrible War.
This book is an enjoyable and easy to read story and is well presented by a number of photographs taken at the time of the battle or shortly after. The author has included 8 small, but easy to read maps that help you follow the outline of events during the battle. This book is recommended to any body who has a love for this period of history or to the general reader who likes a good story.
First Battle of Bull Run
Department of Pennsylvania :. The battle was fought on July 21, in Prince William County, Virginia , just north of the city of Manassas and about 25 miles west-southwest of Washington, D. The Union 's forces were slow in positioning themselves, allowing Confederate reinforcements time to arrive by rail. Each side had about 18, poorly trained and poorly led troops in their first battle. It was a Confederate victory, followed by a disorganized retreat of the Union forces. Just months after the start of the war at Fort Sumter , the Northern public clamored for a march against the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia , which was expected to bring an early end to the Confederacy. Yielding to political pressure, Brig.
Civil War battles often had one name in the North , which was usually associated with a prominent nearby physical feature, and another in the South , which was usually derived from the town or city closest to the battlefield. The strategic significance of the location lay in the fact that Manassas was an important railroad junction. Robert E. Lee , commanding the Virginia state forces, was loath to become the aggressor in the expanding conflict and refrained from attacking Washington or supporting Confederate sympathizers in Baltimore. Abraham Lincoln had proclaimed a blockade of Confederate ports April 19 and called for 42, three-year volunteers and 40, more men to join the regular army and navy May 3. Although Winfield Scott , the commanding general of the Union army, had little faith in state militia units, he proposed to use them to defend Washington and recover the Federal garrison at Harpers Ferry , while he trained the newly raised volunteers for an autumn campaign. After Virginia voted overwhelmingly in favour of secession, Lee, acting as military adviser to Confederate Pres.
On July 16, , the new Union volunteer army under Brig.
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Union: Brig. Irvin McDowell Confederate: Brig. Joseph E. Union: 28, Confederate: Beauregard: 21, Johnston: 8, On July 16, , he set out with the Army of Northeastern Virginia, about 28, men, from Washington to attack the Confederate forces near Manassas, Virginia, just 25 miles away, and push them farther from the Northern capital.
Known as the First Battle of Bull Run or Manassas , the engagement began when about 35, Union troops marched from the federal capital in Washington, D. After fighting on the defensive for most of the day, the rebels rallied and were able to break the Union right flank, sending the Federals into a chaotic retreat towards Washington. The Confederate victory gave the South a surge of confidence and shocked many in the North, who realized the war would not be won as easily as they had hoped. By July , two months after Confederate troops opened fire on Fort Sumter to begin the Civil War , the northern press and public were eager for the Union Army to make an advance on Richmond ahead of the planned meeting of the Confederate Congress there on July Encouraged by early victories by Union troops in western Virginia , and by the war fever spreading through the North, President Abraham Lincoln ordered Brigadier General Irvin McDowell to mount an offensive that would hit quickly and decisively at the enemy and open the way to Richmond, thus bringing the war to a mercifully quick end.
It was much larger in scale and in the number of casualties than the First Battle of Bull Run Manassas fought in July on much of the same ground. Robert E. Confederate lieutenant general Thomas J. James Longstreet hemmed in and crushed the Federals. Unlike the full-scale rout of inexperienced Union troops that occurred during the First Battle of Bull Run , in Second Bull Run, Pope and his more experienced troops made a determined stand that allowed the army to retreat in an orderly fashion after darkness fell. In March, , Lincoln demoted Maj.