Fariduddin attar the conference of the birds
The Conference of the Birds by Attar of NishapurConsidered by Rumi to be “the master” of Sufi mystic poetry, Attar is best known for this epic poem, a magnificent allegorical tale about the soul’s search for meaning. He recounts the perilous journey of the world’s birds to the faraway peaks of Mount Qaf in search of the mysterious Simorgh, their king. Attar’s beguiling anecdotes and humor intermingle the sublime with the mundane, the spiritual with the worldly, while his poem models the soul’s escape from the mind’s rational embrace.
Sholeh Wolpé re-creates for modern readers the beauty and timeless wisdom of the original Persian, in contemporary English verse and poetic prose.
Farid ud- din Attar
The poem contains approximately lines. The poem uses a journey by a group of 30 birds, led by a hoopoe as an allegory of a Sufi sheikh or master leading his pupils to enlightenment. The journey of the birds takes them through the seven valleys of the quest, love, understanding, independence and detachment, unity, astonishment, and finally poverty and nothingness. Each valley teaches a different moral. In the valley of the quest one undergoes a hundred difficulties and trials. After one has been tested and become free, one learns in the valley of love that love has nothing to do with reason. The valley of understanding teaches that knowledge is temporary, but understanding endures.
Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. The series is under the joint editorship of Samuel Bercholz and Michael Fagan. Invocation i II. Since then, a new edition has appeared every few years in one or another of the countries of the Near East, The present rendering was undertaken in the first instance for the benefit of myself and some friends; but it is the fullest version that has yet appeared in English and, as such, may interest a wider public. Of these latter there are three, all very much abridged.
Synopsis of the Poem
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In the poem, the birds of the world gather to decide who is to be their sovereign, as they have none. The hoopoe , the wisest of them all, suggests that they should find the legendary Simorgh. The hoopoe leads the birds, each of whom represents a human fault which prevents human kind from attaining enlightenment. The hoopoe tells the birds that they have to cross seven valleys in order to reach the abode of Simorgh. These valleys are as follows: . But despite their trepidations, they begin the great journey.
Jump to navigation. Best known for his often-translated masterpiece Mantiq al-tayr or The Conference of the Birds , his verse is still considered to be the finest example of Sufi poetry in the Persian language after that of Rumi. These pithy, paradoxical statements are still known by heart and sung by minstrels throughout Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and wherever Persian is spoken or understood, such as in the lands of the Indo-Pakistani Subcontinent. If his least known poem is the Book of Mysteries Asrar-namah , which strings together a series of unconnected episodic stories, his most famous epic poem is the Conference of the Birds Mantiq al-tayr , which is consecrated to the tale of the spiritual quest of thirty birds to find their supreme sovereign, the Simurgh. This work was modelled on the Treatise on the Birds composed half a century earlier by another Sufi master, Ahmad Ghazali d.