The skat players otto dix
Elizabeth Lundays Blog, page 7
Otto Dix and The Skat Players–Card Playing War Cripples
This style of painting reflected the disillusionment and protest in Germany after the war had ended. Many of the paintings done in this style portrayed the negative aspects in life found in Germany after the war. While New Objectivity still contained some of the strong emotional aspects of earlier German art, it lost the symbolism of expressionism reflecting how the artist felt about what was happening in society. The painting portrays three wounded World War One veterans playing cards on a table outside. The soldiers are extremely disfigured and have many implements used to help the disabled during this period. Two of the soldiers are fitted with prosthetic jaws. Wounded and disfigured soldiers were a common sight on the streets of post war Germany.
The artist wanted to make a clear statement in regard to the damage and destruction the war can do to society, treating the matter in a detached way, showing both a satirical attitude and a serious side of things. In this painting, Dix presents the war as a gamble, a skat game between the crippled and deformed soldiers, expressing the shocking new reality of that time. Three disfigured soldiers represent the new stereotype of the Weimar Republic: the unemployable and miserable war veterans that are disposed by the working class based society after serving for their country. Without a purpose or a place in life, viewed only as a token of the German defeat, the only thing left for the veterans is playing cards and passing time with fellow soldiers. Besides giving shape to terror, Dix painted this tableau to illustrate the dehumanizing effects a war has on people, stripping them of all their senses, as the characters are portrayed deaf, blind, burnt, and crippled. The fact that the soldiers have patches and numerous aiding devices sends the viewer into the era of industrialized war. The prosthetics, hearing aids, and glass eyes depict the misuse of technology and industrial progress for the soldiers disabled in the war.
In , the German artist Otto Dix, an eager volunteer who fought for his country and was wounded multiple times, produced four paintings of disabled veterans. In each of these paintings, the men, mutilated and dismembered by war are missing multiple limbs. It is necessary to see people in this unchained condition in order to know something about man. The veteran of The Match Seller I is blind; he has lost his arms and his missing legs were replaced by two pegs. In Prague Street, Dedicated to My Contemporaries , two disabled veterans sit, like The Match Seller, on the sidewalk, begging in front of shop windows displaying commodities for the able-bodied, with one shop offering artificial limbs available to those who can afford them. Although the painter Otto Dix, who dedicated his post war work to calling attention of the German people to the plight of returning soldiers, insisting upon showing the social and political condition of those brave and neglected men, the public did not want to see these unfortunate victims, not on the streets and not in art. The Dresden Stadtmuseum purchased War Cripples but put the painting out of sight, until the Nazis later destroyed the painting, as they did with any work of art that had an anti-war message.
Location: Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany. One of Dix’s early post-war paintings, which displays the harsh reality of the Weimar Germany in the style of the New Objectivity movement, is The Skat Players painted in Dix’s way of getting across his belief of the.
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The below artworks are the most important by Otto Dix - that both overview the major creative periods, and highlight the greatest achievements by the artist. The skat players are war veterans horribly disfigured and crippled by their service, yet they are still able to play cards. Skat was a card game favored by Krupps, the German manufacturers of weapons. Dix uses the repetition of the cards, the chair legs, and the stumped limbs of the men to build a composition that is disturbing in form as well as content. Oil on canvas with photomontage and collage - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Nationalgalerie. Fritz Glaser is typical of Dix's portraiture from the early s, in which he depicted his friends from the professional classes - doctors, lawyers and other notables who were also interested in the arts.