What country is madras in
A Journey from Madras Through the Countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar by Francis BuchananIn 1800 Lord Wellesley, the British Governor General of India, appointed the surgeon and botanist Francis Buchanan (1762-1829) to conduct a survey of the kingdom of Mysore in the south of the country, which had recently been annexed by the East India Company. In the resulting three-volume report, first published in 1807, Buchanan (later known as Francis Hamilton) records the physical and human geography of this large area of southern India. He describes the agriculture, arts and commerce, indigenous religions and customs, natural history and society and antiquities of the regions through which he travelled, and illustrates his text with a map and engravings. Buchanans journey began and ended at the British stronghold of Madras, and criss-crossed the whole of Mysore including a visit to the strategically important city of Sira and a long trip from south to north through the western coastal regions of Malabar and Canara.
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Armenian and Portuguese traders were living in the San Thome area of what is now present-day Chennai before the arrival of the British in Madras was the shortened name of the fishing village Madraspatnam, where the British East India Company built a fort and factory trading post in — At that time, the weaving of cotton fabrics was a local industry, and the English invited the weavers and native merchants to settle near the fort. By the factory of Fort St. George was recognized as a presidency an administrative unit governed by a president , and between and the company expanded its control. About , by which time the last of the local rulers had been shorn of his powers, the English had become masters of southern India, and Madras had become their administrative and commercial capital.
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Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal , it is the biggest cultural, economic and educational centre of south India. According to the Indian census, it is the sixth-most populous city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India. The city together with the adjoining regions constitute the Chennai Metropolitan Area , which is the 36th-largest urban area by population in the world. It was ranked the 43rd-most visited city in the world for the year As a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Chennai confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems.
The name Chennai originates from the word Chennapattinam or Chennapattanam or even Chinnupattanam. It is named after Chinnu the Great town, which had developed near Fort St. The British built this fort in Chennai is the fourth largest metropolitan city of India. It is both the commercial and cultural capital city of the south-eastern state of Tamil Nadu.
Madras State was a state of India during the midth century. As a result of the States Reorganisation Act , the state's boundaries were re-organized following linguistic lines. The state was finally renamed as Tamil Nadu on 14 January by C. At the time of Independence, O. His premiership lasted till 6 April , when he resigned citing growing internal squabbled within the then Congress leaders. India won Independence during his tenure. Kumaraswamy Raja served as Chief Minister of Madras Presidency for two years, April to April , till the first general elections were held in the country.