What is the geography of china like
Chinas Geography: Globalization and the Dynamics of Political, Economic, and Social Change by Gregory VeeckA second edition of this book is now available. Despite Chinas obvious and growing importance on the world stage, it is often and easily misunderstood. Indeed, there are many Chinas, as this comprehensive survey of contemporary China vividly illustrates. Offering the first sustained geography of the reform era, the authors trace the changes occurring in this great and ancient nation across both time and space. Beginning with Chinas diverse landscapes and environments, and continuing through its formative history and tumultuous recent past, this text presents contemporary China as a product of both internal and external forces of past and present. The text traces current and future successes and challenges while placing China in its international context as a massive developing nation that must meet the needs of its 1.3 billion citizens while becoming a major regional and global player. Through clear prose and abundant maps and photos, Chinas Geography illustrates and explains the great differences in economy and culture found throughout Chinas many regions.
Introduction to China’s Physical Geography
China has great physical diversity. The eastern plains and southern coasts of the country consist of fertile lowlands and foothills. They are the location of most of China's agricultural output and human population. The southern areas of the country South of the Yangtze River consist of hilly and mountainous terrain. The west and north of the country are dominated by sunken basins such as the Gobi and the Taklamakan , rolling plateaus , and towering massifs. It contains part of the highest tableland on earth, the Tibetan Plateau , and has much lower agricultural potential and population.
Yangtze River China is the third largest country in the world, after Russia and Canada. Slightly larger than the United States including Alaska, it covers nearly 9,, square kilometers 3,, square miles. Included in this total are 9,, square kilometers of land and , square kilometers of inland lakes and rivers. From east to west, the distance is about 5, kilometers from the Heilong Jiang Amur River to the Pamir Mountains in Central Asia; from north to south, the distance is approximately 4, kilometers from Heilongjiang Province to Hainan Province in the south and another 1, kilometers farther south to Zengmu Shoal, a territorial claim off the north coast of Malaysia. China's climate ranges from subarctic to tropical.
The highest step of the typical 'ladder topography' is formed by the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau at the average height of over 4, meters, with the Kunlunshan range , Qilianshan range and Hengduan mountain chain as the division between this step and the second one. The highest peak in the world, Everest, at - With 3. There are also the western desert and plateau regions of Xinjiang and Tibet, and to the north lies the vast grasslands of Inner Mongolia.
This background essay introduces the diversity of China's natural and man-made features, as well as the relative population of its various areas. Used as background information, learners can explore the many different uses of maps see related lesson plans. Road maps to find our way to other places. Physical maps show different landforms and elevations and bodies of water. Historical maps help us understand political boundaries and the movement of people, goods, and ideas. Military leaders need maps as they plan their campaigns, and tourists need maps in order to figure out interesting places to visit. Many maps show both natural and man-made features.
In the vast western reaches of China - mountains, high plateaus and deserts dominate the landscape, while in the central and east areas, the land slopes into broad plains and deltas. Mountains The Himalayas, the world's most elevated mountain range, form its southwestern borders with India , Nepal and Bhutan , and contain the highest peaks in the world. Located within the Himalayas is China's highest point, the famed Mt. Everest, which is also the tallest mountain in the world, and whose summit reaches 29, ft. Numerous rivers arise in the Himalayas, including the Indus and Brahmaputra rivers. In the far northeast, high mountains ring China's border with the Russian Federation.
The territory of modern China is characterized by dramatic geographical diversity. Topographically, it is low in the east and high in the west. The land surface ascends like a three-step staircase. The plains and lowlands in the east and southeast constitute the first step, occupying about 12 percent of the land. Two-thirds of the country, the two higher steps, are mostly mountains and high plateaus. Below is a topographical map of China.