What was john b watson theory

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what was john b watson theory

John B. Watson Quotes (Author of Behaviorism)

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The Little Albert Experiment

John Broadus Watson is best known as the founder of behaviorism , which he defined as an experimental branch of natural science aimed at the prediction and control of behavior. Its model was based on Ivan Pavlov's studies of conditioned reflex: every conduct is a response to a stimulus or to a complex set of stimulus situations.

Biography of Psychologist John B. Watson

By Saul McLeod , updated Behaviorism refers to a psychological approach which emphasizes scientific and objective methods of investigation. The approach is only concerned with observable stimulus-response behaviors, and states all behaviors are learned through interaction with the environment. The behaviorist movement began in when John Watson wrote an article entitled 'Psychology as the behaviorist views it,' which set out a number of underlying assumptions regarding methodology and behavioral analysis:. Behaviorism emphasizes the role of environmental factors in influencing behavior, to the near exclusion of innate or inherited factors. This amounts essentially to a focus on learning.

John B. Watson grew up in a poor farming family. His father drank heavily, was prone to violence, and was frequently absent; he finally left the family when John was 13 years old. By his own account, John was an unruly child and a poor student. As a young child, John B.

Behaviorist Approach

Reviewer Whitney White, MS. John B. Watson is an American psychologist who is best known for establishing the psychological school of Behaviorism. His theories, research, and work were influential to the field of psychology, and through that, he left his marks on the larger world. Watson in academic circles.

Thorndike and Pavlov provided important contributions to behavioral psychology, but it was John B. Watson who championed the popular behaviorist movement. This new term, and the perspective on the study of psychology to which it referred, quickly became the dominating school of psychology in American universities. Watson more plainly defined behaviorism by saying that,. Behaviorism is the scientific study of human behavior. Its real goal is to provide the basis for prediction and control of human beings: Given the situation, to tell what the human being will do; given the man in action, to be able to say why he is reacting in that way.

John B. Watson was a pioneering psychologist who played an important role in developing behaviorism. Watson believed that psychology should primarily be scientific observable behavior. He is remembered for his research on the conditioning process , as well as the Little Albert experiment, in which he demonstrated that a child could be conditioned to fear a previously neutral stimulus. His research also revealed that this fear could be generalized to other similar objects. Watson was born January 9, , and grew up in South Carolina.


  1. Deduceterp says:

    Behaviorism (John B. Watson – ) | Principles of Learning

  2. Honoré P. says:

    John Broadus Watson January 9, — September 25, was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism.

  3. Kerstin W. says:

    John Broadus Watson January 9, — September 25, was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism.

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