What is comparative politics in hindi
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Introduction to Comparative Politics - What is Comparative Politics?
Comparative politics is a field and a method used in political science, characterized by an empirical approach based on the comparative method. In other words comparative politics is the study of the domestic politics, political institutions, and conflicts of countries. It often involves comparisons among countries and through time within single countries, emphasizing key patterns of similarity and difference.
The s saw a revival of interest in comparative institutionalist approaches, building on pioneering earlier accounts that sought to identify the nature of differences between distinct forms of developed economy. Central to this was a concern with understanding the defining features and differences of lightly regulated liberal market economies and more coordinated types of capitalism. This was initially prompted by an interest in understanding the basis for the relatively superior manner in which Germany and Japan coped with the post economic crisis when compared to the United States and the United Kingdom. When the relative fortunes of these countries apparently reversed in the s, more progressive scholars sought to understand the basis for the continued viability of alternatives to neoliberalism. Current debates center on the optimal number of institutional archetypes, the nature of continuity and change, the extent of divergence between systems, and the bounded nature of internal diversity within national institutional frameworks. The challenges of competitiveness in the West and the increasing prominence of Far Eastern economies, most notably Japan, led to a number of early works that sought to locate the relative success of firms within the wider socioeconomic context, ranging from more theoretically orientated accounts such as Hart and Zysman to Porter , a more applied work.
After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Comparative Politics 2. Scope of Comparative Politics and 3. The study of comparative politics involves conscious comparisons in studying political experience, institutions, behaviour and processes of the systems of government in a comprehensive manner. It includes the study of even extra-constitutional agencies having their immediate connection, open or tacit, with formal governmental organs.